“Without Fear and Without Reproach”: Octavius V. Catto and the Early Civil Rights Movement in Pennsylvania

On Tuesday, September 26, 2017, the City of Philadelphia unveiled a monument to Octavius V. Catto in a ceremony at the southwestern apron of City Hall. Catto was a cornerstone figure in Philadelphia’s early civil rights struggle — a recruiter of an African American militia during the Civil War, an instrumental figure in the victory to desegregate Philadelphia’s horse-drawn streetcars, a...
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On Becoming Neighbors by Alexandra C. Klarén

On Becoming Neighbors The Communication Ethics of Fred Rogers by Alexandra C. Klarén University of Pittsburgh Press, 344 pp., hardcover $35 Fred Rogers is one of western Pennsylvania’s most beloved national figures. Born in Latrobe in 1928, he spent most of his professional life at WQED in Pittsburgh producing the children’s TV series Mister Rogers’ Neighborhood (1968–2001) for PBS. A number of...
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Charles Carroll Public School

By the late 1960s the Philadelphia public school system was faced with a crisis. The urban population, after years of growth and expansion to the city’s outskirts and beyond, was now in decline. At the same time racial tensions became prevalent as the urban population became more integrated. Many Philadelphia public schools, especially those found in integrating or depressed neighborhoods, had...
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From the Executive Director

Spring is field trip season here at the Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission. Each year, we welcome approximately 90,000 schoolchildren to our museums and historic sites, with most of them visiting between March and June, when classroom schedules have a little more flexibility and teachers are anxious to help students burn off a little of their spring fever. Many of the students who...
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From the Executive Director

One of the things I love best about being executive director of the Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission is sharing our commonwealth’s history with other Pennsylvanians. Although this letter is appearing in the winter issue of Pennsylvania Heritage, I am writing it on one of the hottest days of 2018. Earlier today, I had just come out of a series of meetings related to agency work...
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Pennsylvania Heritage Foundation Newsletter

Topics in the Summer 2018 Newsletter: PHF Sponsors Children’s Visit to Old Economy Village PHF Identifies PHMC’s 21st-Century Museums Initiative as a Fundraising Priority PHF Hosts Rotary International Students for Tour of The State Museum PHF Hosts Giving Circle Members at 4th Annual Dinner  ...
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Breaking the Color Line: The Trial That Led to the End of Legal Segregation in Pennsylvania’s Schools

The half-century following the Civil War was an unpleasant yet profound period of race relations in American history. To date, much of the scholarship about equal rights during that era concentrates on Southern reconstruction while ignoring some very important accomplishments in other parts of the country. Activists in Pennsylvania, for instance, took up a complicated struggle over state and...
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Pennsylvania Heritage Foundation Newsletter

Topics in the Spring 2016 Newsletter: Educating the Next Generation The Giving Circle PHF-Sponsored Noon Year’s Eve a Success! Janet and Lew Klein Gift to PHF Partnership in the Community Save the Date for Giving Circle Dinner Join the Pennsylvania Heritage Foundation  ...
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Political Leadership: A Catalyst for Special Education

President Kennedy was admired for his efforts to help retarded citizens, and most people realize that these efforts were motivated, in part, by his personal awareness of mental retardation. But few people know of the dramatic story of personal motivation moving.govern­ment bureaucracy to assist the handicapped in Pennsyl­vania. It has been nearly half a century since Henry Lanius, a blind...
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Clinton County: Still Part of Penn’s Woods

Clinton County, one of the sixth-class counties of Pennsyl­vania, occupies 900 square miles of river valley and mountain land near the geographical center of the state. Nearly two-thirds of the area re­mains forested, al though most of the trees are second growth after a near denuding of the land by a booming lumber industry in the second half of the last century. It was in the wood­lands of...
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