The Gender of Assimilation: The Carlisle Indian Industrial School Experiment

In his celebrated 1702 book Magnalia Christi American (The Glorious Works of Christ in America), Puritan minister Cotton Mather described local Native Americans. “The men are most abominably slothful; making their poor Squaws, or Wives,to plant and dress, and barn, and beat their Corn, and build their Wigwams for them; which perhaps may be the reason for their extraordinary Ease in Childbirth,”...
read more

The Carlisle Indian Industrial School

Over the course of nearly thirty years, from 1879 to 1918, more than ten thousand Native American children attended the Carlisle Indian Industrial School in Carlisle, Cumberland County. The brainchild of Richard Henry Pratt (1846-1924), the school’s purpose was to immerse Indian children in mainstream culture. Pratt, a former 10th Cavalry officer – ­who commanded a unit of African...
read more