They Left with the British: Black Women in the Evacuation of Philadelphia, 1778

Black women were a small but important segment of the eighteenth-century Pennsylvania laboring classes. As slaves, as indentured servants, or as free persons of color, their options were extremely limited, but they could and did make decisions that affected their lives. The evacuation of Philadelphia by the British in 1778 during the Revolutionary War reveals the kinds of limited choices which...
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Letters

Has It All! The recent issue of Pennsylvania Heritage has it all! The story on Larry Fine [“Laughing with Philadelphia Stooge Larry Fine” by William C. Kashatus, Fall 2008], architecture of the New Deal [“Built by the New Deal” by Michael J. O’Malley III], and the gorgeous cover picture make your magazine one of the best I’ve ever read. I also enjoyed the postcard...
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Remembering Place: Black National Historic Landmarks in Pennsylvania

The National Historic Landmarks (NHL) program was established by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 and refined by amendments to it in 1980. The federal law requires the U.S. Department of the Interior to certify the historic authenticity of NHLs based on strident criteria, including association with events, people, and great ideas; distinguishing characteristics in architectural or...
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