Lightfoot Mill (Mill at Anselma)

Originally built circa 1747, this working mill in Chester Springs, Chester County, is a rare example of a small 18th-century custom grain mill with its power transmission system completely intact. The basic technology of Lightfoot Mill was adapted over the years to improve efficiency, although much of the original mechanism has been retained. Today, these subsequent limited upgrades illustrate...
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NFL Films

In 1962 the National Football League (NFL) was lagging in popularity behind both Major League Baseball and NCAA Football. That same year a Philadelphia overcoat salesman, Ed Sabol (1916-2015), won the bidding rights to film the NFL Championship Game. Sabol’s only previous filmmaking experience had been shooting his son’s football games, family vacations and a couple of documentaries as a hobby....
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The Craighead Family

The Craighead family’s love of the outdoors was fostered at their summer home on the Yellow Breeches Creek outside of Boiling Springs, Cumberland County. Frank “Rattlesnake” Craighead (1890–1982), his brother Eugene (1893–1959) and the family’s next generation of naturalists discovered the wonders of nature in the nearby fields, streams, meadows and mountains. Frank earned his nickname by...
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Pennsylvania Farm Show

For more than 30 years before Lawrie & Green developed the design for The State Museum and Archives Complex in Harrisburg, Dauphin County, the architectural firm designed a number of other important structures throughout the city, including the Pennsylvania Farm Show building. The Pennsylvania Farm Show began in 1917. In its early years, it was held in several different locations throughout...
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Greenbelt Knoll

Greenbelt Knoll was built in 1956 by Morris Milgram (1916-97), an award-winning leader of the open housing movement in the United States. Designed by the firm of Montgomery & Bishop, in association with architect Harry Duncan and landscape architect Margaret Lancaster Duncan, with Louis Kahn as a consultant, it was the first planned integrated housing development in Philadelphia and one of...
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A Century of Marking History: One Hundred Years of the Pennsylvania Historical Marker Program

It’s a safe bet that when Susan Richard of Grantville, Dauphin County, comes across a historical marker for the first time, she’s going to stop her car, get out and read it, and then take a picture for her collection. Richard, a former museum docent, loves everything about historical markers. “Historical markers are so much fun!” she says. “This is history you will...
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Indian Hannah

Hannah Freeman is a name rarely found in history books, although her story and legend live on in southern Chester County. Known more popularly as “Indian Hannah,” Freeman is remembered in local lore as the last Lenape living in Chester County at the time of her death in 1802. She was born about 1730 on the Webb farm in Kennett Township not far from the Delaware border. Today the farm is part of...
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Editor’s Letter

I realize that as the new editor of Pennsylvania Heritage I have some very big shoes to fill. Michael J. O’Malley III, editor of the magazine for the past three decades of its 40-year existence, warns me with characteristic humor that his size 14s are indeed large. So too, I’d add, is his legacy. Under Michael’s leadership Pennsylvania Heritage has grown tremendously. In the...
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John Summerfield Staples, Lincoln’s Representative Recruit

As the American Civil War dragged into its fourth year, U.S. government leaders grew increasingly troubled about the shrinking of the Union army. Several reasons for the reduction in the army’s ranks included the number of combat casualties, incapacitation of troops from wounds and illnesses, desertion and the end of the original three-year enlistment period for 1861 in which recruits played a...
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Expanding A Vision: Seventy-Five Years of Public History

Three-quarters of a century ago, it proba­bly surprised no one that the first act of the Pennsylvania Historical Com­mission, not long after its creation in 1913, was to survey all monuments and memorials in the Commonwealth’s sixty­-seven counties. At that time it was universally assumed that public history involved com­memoration and the rituals associated with recognizing significant...
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